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Rose Care & Hints

 

'PJ's Rose' growing in a garden setting


Roses are gutsy enough to be left to their own devices with seasonal care, or can be pampered and manicured for perfect exhibition bloom. Here are our top tips:

 

How to Plant your Rose

1. Dig a large enough hole so the roots are not squashed and go straight down. Place a handful of good rose fertilizer and/or slow release fertilizer, compost and mix into the soil at the base of the hole so the roots do not burn. Guideline for multi planting: spacing between bush roses 90cm - 1m, spacing between standard roses 1.2m - 1.5m.

2. Place plant in so the crown or bud union sits on the ground (this is where the new shoots come from so don't bury). Fill hole with soil and tread down firmly. Fertilize around the ground level of the plant if you wish.

3. A new rose requires plenty of water even if the ground looks moist on top (as the roots are well below ground level). Ensure plenty of water is applied. Cath advises 10 litre (1 bucket full) per rose at planting, then every day, twice a day for the first week, then 3-4 times a week (twice daily) for the following 2-3 weeks (winter or summer), regardless of whether it has rained or not.

 

 Bareroot rose

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Bareroot Roses (Winter)

If planting a bareroot rose, your roses roots have been trimmed and ready for planting. We recommend the roots to be 10 - 15cm (4-6 inches long) before planting. This facilitates not only ease of planting but also promotion of growth.

 

 Potted Rose (Spring)











Potted Roses (Spring/Summer)

If planting a potted rose try not to disturb the roots in the potting mix. From September your roses will be quite established in the pot and will need to carefully remove the planter bag or hardpot and lace the whole root ball, with as little disturbance as possible, into the hole you have prepared.


Standard Roses

When planting a Standard rose follow the same instructions as above. Please ensure to stake your rose so it is secure from the wind.  These may need watering more often than a bush rose for the first 3 to 4 weeks after planting on a daily basis.

 

Organic Tips

If roses are kept healthy (by way of plenty of feeding from early Spring till late Summer) they are less likely to get run down and pick up diseases and pests.

Good air circulation between plants helps too and liquid fertilisers such as maxicrop, nitrosol and fish fertilisers support the plant as well. Copper can be sprayed from winter on, and can be mixed with liquid fertilisers. There are organic sprays you can make up too. Two handfuls of lime at the base of the plant will keep the soil balanced in Winter.

A healthy soil grows healthy plants. Good mulching will conserve water and soak hoses are better than water systems that spray water everywhere. Always clean up leaves and prunings.

 

Companion Planting

To assist Roses against bugs there are many companion plants that can be utilised: Pansy, Pyrethrum, Chamomile, Garlic, Alyssum, Catmint, Freesia, Dwarf Bearded Iris, Violet (to name a few)

 

Herbs and the classic Box hedge make a great combination with roses


Feeding

Your newly planted rose will need feeding to give it a good kick start in its new home. There are several types of fertilizers you can use such as rose fertilizers, nytrophoska blue, animal manure or pellets, osmocote to name a few. You can feed roses seasonally, plus a side dressing or two during the spring growing season to assist with growth and flowering. Apply Lime annually in Winter. You can also use liquid fertilizer in all sprays that you apply if you wish.

 

The Pruning Essentials

Roses are very forgiving if you get it a bit wrong, so don't worry! Roses will live without pruning but as they are deciduous they respond well to a good prune in winter. Doing this will give you lovely new shoots to replace the old ones, keeping the plant young with more flowers per season and shapely bushy plants.

Firstly it is handy to have a good set of tools to make pruning easier. We recommend a good quality pair of leather gloves and a sharp, clean pair of secateurs. Loppers, hedge shears and a pruning saw are also handy.

Winter is the best time to prune - during June, July and August.

 

Pruning example 2

Start by removing any dead wood and spindly/small branches. Remove older stems if a newer shoot has grown from the crown. With established rose plants pruning will encourage new growth.

Then prune the main branches by at least a third or up to half back in length. It's best to cut just above a bud (see pic). If you want to take extra care you can angle the cut away from the bud. An ideal plant will have at least 5 main branches after pruning. Keep the base of the rose clear of debris, bark, soil and scaly growth. Ensure to clean up leaves and prunings, then you're done!

 

Pruning example 1

 

In summer all you need to do is deadhead (remove spent flowers) and tidy up the bush if you wish.

 

Watering

Periodic watering during the growing season gives you the ultimate out of your roses. In summer a deep water at the base of the plant every 2 - 3 weeks will benefit your roses. Avoid overhead watering.


Patios with Pots

Bush roses, Miniature Standard and Miniature Weeping roses look fantastic in pots. Perfect for a small patio or balcony, roses will last for years in pots. Make sure to uses a good patio and tub potting mix that includes moisture crystals. Recommended pot size is 40cm or bigger with a saucer underneath. Water up to 2 - 3 times a week or when the saucer is empty.

 

A potted mini-standard is perfect for the patio, deck or apartment balcony


Cut Flower / Vase Life

It is best to pick rose blooms in the early morning or late evening (when sap flow is lower). Place blooms in a bucket up to their necks in water to give them a good drink before arranging. You may cut the stems again as you arrange. Some people swear by a capful of Janola in the water, or plunging the blooms in hot water then cold before arranging.

 

Dead-Heading

During the season as the rose flowers become spent, removing the head with about 3 - 4 inches of stem encourages more and new fresh growth which keeps your roses looking great as well as giving you that extra crop of flowers. The keen gardener dead-heads rigorously, but an occasional stroll around the roses can be invigorating to both the rose and the not so keen gardener until end of Feburary. Allow the plant to set it's hips in Autumn.

 

Spraying

There is a wide range of products available for spraying roses including Sheild, Copper Oxichloride, Winter and Summer Oils, Lime Sulphur (after pruning). Winter oil should be applied 2 - 3 days after all other sprays have been applied, seperately and not mixed with any other sprays after pruning.

When spraying in your garden, take care NOT to use any Round Up (glyphosphate) near your roses. It is best to thoroughly clean out spray equipment between sprays to ensure no mixing of spray residues, or even better to have separate sprayers which are clearly named.

 

If you have any questions or would like to know more, don't hesitate to get in touch. See our details on the Contact us page.


Cath picking roses in the Nursery

Cath picking blooms in the Nursery with Mitchell and Meg